Posts for: November, 2022
A pap smear is a routine test typically performed during a gynecological exam. It’s a test to determine the presence of abnormal or cancerous cells, specifically cervical cancer. Pap smear testing is important because cervical cancer is a type of cancer which often doesn’t have any warning signs or symptoms until the cancer is in the later stages.
During a pap smear, cells are collected from the cervix and sent off to a laboratory for testing. Most test results come back negative, however, there are a few instances where you may have an abnormal pap smear.
Reasons for an abnormal pap smear include:
- Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Early cell changes which need monitoring
- Early cell changes which need to be treated early
If you have an abnormal pap test result, your OBGYN doctor will consider these factors when developing next steps:
- Your previous pap test results
- Your previous treatments for cervical cell changes
- Your personal health factors including your age
Your OBGYN doctor may recommend these next steps after an abnormal pap smear:
- Having a repeat pap test in 1 to 3 years
- Having a colposcopy and biopsy
- Receiving treatment for high grade cervical cell changes
When your OBGYN doctor recommends a colposcopy, during the exam, your OBGYN doctor will apply a vinegar solution to the cervix to highlight abnormal areas. A colposcope is then used to light and magnify the cervix and check abnormal areas. A tissue sample can be taken for a biopsy to diagnose cervical cancer.
If your OBGYN doctor recommends receiving treatment for high grade cervical cell changes, treatment may include:
- Loop electrosurgical excision to electrify and remove abnormal tissue
- Cold knife conization to remove abnormal tissue
- Laser therapy to destroy abnormal tissue
- Cryotherapy to freeze abnormal tissue
- Total hysterectomy for severe cases of cervical cancer
To learn more about the importance of pap smear testing and management of an abnormal pap smear result, call your OBGYN doctor today.
When you suffer from pelvic pain, it can be a scary experience. It’s only natural to wonder what is causing your pelvic pain. There can be a simple, benign cause, or pelvic pain can be caused by a more serious condition.
Pelvic pain can be caused by your reproductive system, digestive system, or urinary system. There are some types of pelvic pain that can be caused by muscles or ligaments surrounding your pelvis.
Fortunately, your OBGYN doctor can determine the cause of your pelvic pain and treat it so you can get relief.
Some simple causes of pelvic pain include:
- Bladder infection
- Urinary tract infection
If you have extremely painful or heavy periods, your OBGYN can prescribe medications, including birth control, to help regulate your periods.
If you think you might be pregnant, your OBGYN doctor will have you take a pregnancy test to confirm pregnancy. If you are pregnant, your doctor will perform an initial examination, which may include imaging to determine a potential due date. Your OBGYN doctor provides a wide range of prenatal services to help you have a healthy pregnancy and delivery.
If you have a urinary tract or bladder infection, your OBGYN can prescribe antibiotics to clear up the infection.
Some more serious causes of pelvic pain include:
- Uterine cysts
- Ovarian cysts
- Ectopic pregnancy
Your OBGYN doctor may require imaging studies to diagnose your condition. Imaging tests include:
- An MRI
- A CT scan
- An abdominal or pelvic ultrasound
If you have uterine cysts, ovarian cysts, or fibroids, your OBGYN doctor can prescribe medication and offers procedures to remove the cysts.
If you have an ectopic pregnancy, which is a pregnancy occurring outside the uterus, your OBGYN doctor may discuss surgical options with you.
If you have endometriosis, your OBGYN doctor may recommend taking birth control or your doctor may discuss a partial or full hysterectomy to relieve symptoms.
Your OBGYN doctor is an expert at the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic pelvic pain. To learn more about what can cause pelvic pain and how your doctor can help you get relief, call your OBGYN doctor today.